History of Malang City

Malang basin yang padanya terdapat Sewa Mobil Malang by NAYFA Group area has existed since time immemorial into residential areas. Many rivers flowing around this place makes it suitable as a residential area. Tlogomas Dinoyo unknown territory and an area of ​​prehistoric settlement. Furthermore, various inscriptions (eg inscription Dinoyo), building enshrinement and statues, marks the foundation of bricks, former drainage channels, as well as a variety of pottery recovered from the final period of the Kingdom of Kanjuruhan (8th century and 9th) are also found in nearby places.

The name “Unfortunate” is still studied origins by historians. Historians continue exploring sources to get the right answers to the origin of the name “Malang”. Until now it has obtained several hypotheses regarding the origin of the name Malang.

Malangkusheshwara written in the emblem of the city, according to one hypothesis is the name of a sacred building. The name itself is sacred buildings found in two inscriptions of King Balitung of Central Java, namely the inscription Mantyasih 907, and the 908 inscriptions found in one place between Surabaya-Malang. However, where lies the true sacred buildings Malangkusheshwara it, historians are still not getting the deal. A party alleging the location of the shrine is in the area Buring mountain, a mountain that stretches east of the city of Malang in which there is one mountain peak named Malang. Proof of the truth of these allegations is still underway as it turns out, in the west of the city of Malang also has a mountain named Malang.

Other parties suspect that the actual layout of the shrine of the region Tumpang, one in the northern city of Malang. Until recently in the area there are a village named Malangsuka, which by some historians, probably derived from the word Malankuça (read: Malankusha) spoken reversed. The opinions above are also corroborated by many ancient buildings are scattered in the area, such as Candi Jago and Candi Kidal, which is both a relic of Singhasari.

Of the two hypotheses mentioned above is also uncertain Which is presumably earlier known as Malang derived from the name of the holy building Malangkusheshwara it. Is the area around Malang now, or two mountain named Malang around that area. A copper inscription recently discovered in 1974 on the estate Bantaran, Wlingi, southwest of Malang, in a part written as follows: “………… taning sakrid Malang-akalihan wacid opponent spur pasabhanira dyah Spleen Makanagran I ………”. The meaning of the above sentence is: “…… .. in the east where hunting around Malang along wacid and Manchu, paddy Dyah Spleen is ………” From the wording of the inscription it turns Malang is one place in the east of places the inscription in it. From these inscriptions obtained evidence that the use of the name Malang has existed at least since the 12th century AD.

Malangkusheshwara name consists of three words, namely mala meaning fraud, falsehood and evil; angkuça (read: angkusha) which is to destroy or destroy; and Içwara (read: Ishwara) which means “God”. Thus, Malangkusheshwara means “God has destroyed sleaze”.

Previous hypotheses, perhaps in contrast to the opinion Malang suspect that the name comes from the word “Disputing” or “Stonewall prevented” (in Javanese means Malang). Once Sunan Mataram who want to extend their influence to the East Java has tried to occupy the area of ​​Malang. Area residents fought a great war. Sunan Mataram therefore assume that the people of that region prevented, denied or poor on purpose Sunan Mataram. Since then, the area was named Malang.

The emergence of the kingdom Kanjuruhan, historians regarded as a milestone in the early growth of the central government until today, after 12 centuries ago, has developed into the city of Malang.

After Kanjuruhan kingdom, the kingdom Singasari golden age (1000 years after AD) in the area of ​​Malang still found a kingdom prosperous, populous and agricultural lands are very fertile. When Islam conquered the kingdom of Majapahit around 1400, Patih Majapahit fled to the area of ​​Malang. He then set up an independent Hindu kingdom, which by his son fought into the kingdom forward. Center of the kingdom which is located in the city of Malang is still visible remains of the fort firm named Kutobedah in the village Kutobedah. Was the Sultan of Mataram from Central Java who finally came to conquer this area in 1614 after receiving strong resistance from residents of this area.

Like many other cities in Indonesia in general, Malang modern growing and developing after the presence of the Dutch East Indies colonial administration. General facilities planned in a way that meets the needs of a Dutch family. Discriminatory impression is still a trace until now, for example, ” Ijen Boullevard ” and the surrounding region. At first only enjoyed by families of Dutch and other European Nations, while the indigenous population should be satisfied living in the suburbs with inadequate facilities. The residential neighborhood is now a monument of life and is often visited by descendants of Dutch families who had settled there.

During the colonial Dutch East Indies, Malang area made the region “Gemente” (City). Prior to 1964, the emblem of the city of Malang are writings; “Malang my name, advanced goal” translation of “Malang nominor, sursum moveor”. When the city celebrated his birthday the 50th of April 1, 1964, the sentences changed to: “Malangkusheshwara”. The new motto proposed by the late Prof. Dr. R. Ng. Poerbatjaraka, because the word is closely related to the origin of the city of Malang that at the time of Ken Arok approximately 7 centuries ago has become the name of the place around or near the temple named Malangkusheshwara.

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